From Strategic Planning
Southeast Asian languages and their Wikipedias
|Wiki code||Language||Primary country||Number of speakers (Millions)||Potential users (Millions)||Number of articles (7-09)||# of articles >1500 bytes (7-09)||Articles, 1 year growth rate (5/08-5/09)||# of 5+ editors (5-09)||5+ editors, 1 year growth rate (5/08-5/09)||5+ editors, 2 year growth rate (5/07-5/09)||Article-to-editor ratio|
- Includes second language speakers
Southeast Asian languages
- There are over 470 million speakers of the 7 major Southeast Asian languages (Indonesian Tagalog/ Filipino Vietnamese, Thai, Malay, Burmese and Khmer) comprising 80% of the population of Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, Cambodia, Lao, Singapore and Timor Leste. See Further opportunities to extend reach in Europe, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa
- All of the 7 languages listed are official languages of the primary country listed and are used extensively in the local print media.
- The length of the written history of these languages varies from country to country. Most of the languages have written material available in a wide variety of topics but may have limited resources for advanced technical topics
- There are many other languages spoken in Southeast Asia, these 7 were chosen due to their large number of speakers, importance as official languages, and as mediums of educational instruction.
Internet penetration in Southeast Asia
- Internet access varies dramatically from country to country.
- Malaysia and Singapore both have high rates of Internet use of 63% and 69% of the population respectively.
- Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia have moderate rates of Internet use of between 11-21% of the population.
- Cambodia, Myanmar, Lao and Timor Leste all have Internet use rates of less than 2% of the population.
Southeast Asian languages and education
- All of the languages listed are used as mediums of instruction at the elementary and high school level in countries listed the primary country of the language
- In Malaysia, primary and secondary education is either taught in Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, or Malay.
- Currently, science and math classes at the secondary level are taught in English, but as of 2012 these classes will be taught in either Malay, Mandarin Chinese, or Tamil.
- Most private universities use English as the medium for instruction, public universities use a combination of Malay and English.
- Education in the Philippines is bilingual in English and Filipino.
- Higher education is largely done in English.
- Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia
- Education at all levels, from primary to tertiary, is conducted in the national language.
- Thailand and Indonesia have strong English as a second language programs in their school systems and as a result have high levels of English literacy, while few Vietnamese are literate in English.
Southeast Asian language Wikipedias
- Growth of Southeast Asian language Wikipedias has depended upon two factors, the number of language speakers with Internet access, and the degree of English language literacy.
- Greater the number of potential users and lower levels of English literacy are correlated with larger wikipedias
- Languages that have a very small numbers of potential users have experienced limited growth
- There are eight other Wikipedias in South East Asian languages up more than 3 million speakers
- Javanese - 33,960 articles, Cebuanu - 39,202 articles, Sunda - 14,791 articles, Buginese - 8,610 articles, Banyumasan-Javanese - 3.620 articles, Acehnese - 1,525 articles, Banjarese - 1,162 articles, Tetun - 616 articles
Barriers to the growth of Southeast Asian language Wikipedias
- Khmer and Burmese are severely limited by lack of Internet access amongst native language speakers
- Information on languages from Ethnologue 2009 http://www.ethnologue.com Potential users is calculated by multiplying the number of language speakers by the national or regional Internet use rate. Internet use rates from the International Telecom Union 2008
- Information on Internet use from International Telecommunications Union 2008 /